Milk Cow

Jersey
* Originally came from the island of Jersey (in the English Channel between England and France).
* These cows are fairly small, and fawn in colour, with black tips on their muzzles, ears, feet and tails.
* Jersey milk is especially creamy, making it ideal for making butter.
* Jerseys are the smallest of all dairy cows and can weigh up to 500kg.
Australian Milking Zebu
* The Australian Milking Zebu (AMZ) is a composite breed of dairy cattle, developed by the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in Australia during the mid-1950s. To develop the breed, the CSIRO bred Sahiwal and Red Sindhi cattle from Pakistan with Jersey cattle. Some Illawarra, Guernsey and Friesian genetics were also included. The development of the breed was governed by strict selection for heat tolerance, milk production and cattle tick (Boophilus microplus) resistance to result in the modern AMZ breed.
* AMZ cattle have the color, markings and general shape of Jersey cattle, but also show their Sahiwal and Red Sindhi ancestry with their loose skin.
* Cows produce approximately 2,700 kg of milk per lactation.
Holstein
* Holstein cows originally came from the Northern Europe ( Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, Austria ). Many breeding animals now come from North America.
* These cows are mainly black and white.
* The most popular breed in the world
* Holstein cows produce large quantities of milk; some Holsteins produce 10,000 litres in a year.
* Holsteins are one of the largest dairy animals. Cows can stand over 1.5 metres tall and weigh over 600 kg, while bulls stand over 1.8 metres tall and weigh over 1000 kg (about the same as a small car)

Aussie Red
* Bred in Australia by combining Scandinavian Red genetic lines with other Australian Red breeds such as the Illawarra and Ayrshire.
* These cows are medium-sized and mainly red in colour, with white markings.
* An extremely hardy breed that produces milk with a high protein content and medium milk-fat content.
Illawarra
* Developed in the Illawarra region of New South Wales by crossbreeding a number of breeds. They were recognised as a new Australian cow breed in 1910.
* Rich red in colour with a little white on the flanks.
* Illawarra cows produce large quantities of milk; many Illawarra’s produce more than 40 litres per day.
Brown Swiss
* Originally from Switzerland.
* One of the most common breeds in the world.
* Solid brown in colour, varying from very light to dark.
Guernsey
* Originally from the Isle of Guernsey, a tiny island in the English Channel.
* Fawn in colouring with white markings.
* Milk is a distinctive golden colour.
* On average a Guernsey produces 22 litres of milk per day.
* By age three a Guernsey cows weigh 600 kg.
Ayrshire
* Originally from the County of Ayr in Scotland and imported to Australia
* Colour varies from light to deep cherry red, mahogany, brown, or a combination of these colours with white. Some are all white.
Dairy Breeds